The Differences among Typography, Lettering and Calligraphy

By Yumnatype on 29th March 2022

The Differences among Typography, Lettering and Calligraphy – There have been a lot of stunning font designs on the internet such as logotype, posters, brandings, invitations and social media posts. They are called Typography, Lettering and Calligraphy. Do you know the differences among them? Well, if you are a designer, these terms must be familiar, but a new designer may get confused with them. They are look almost similar yet differ in some cases. We have compiled the differences for you. Check it out!


typography calligraphy and lettering



What exactly is typography? Typography is the science of letters. In other words, this is an art and certain technique to select and arrange letters along with their proper settings in the available space to give readers great comfort by creating certain characters. Typography is also referred to the style, arrangement, and appearance of the letters, numbers, and symbols created by the process.



Lettering is the art of designing a writing in more than one scratch. Lettering may be incised using stencils, either with a digital medium or not. The digital medium usually used such as a stylus and a vector program. Lettering can be made as creatively as possible for there are no certain rules about the making of lettering. 



Calligraphy is a visual art of writing beautifully with pen, ink brush, or other writing instrument. A contemporary calligraphic practice can be defined as “the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious, and skillful manner”.

In most case, the pens that are used in calligraphy have three different types which are 1) the wide tip pens, 2) the sharp tip pens, and 3) the brush pens. Each of them has their own utilities. The wide tip pens are used to create the Blackletter or Italic font. The sharp tip pens function to create Copperplate letters. The brush pens are to create a Script font

Although calligraphy is commonly used in Arabic letters, it is applied in Latin letters as well. 


Now that you know the differences among typography, lettering and calligraphy, it’s up to you to decide which one fits your designs best.

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